Path Alias

Path aliases simplify paths by giving a link to the path rather than using the the fully qualified path name. Using them will make your code easier to read and maintain.

Path aliases are relative to compilerOptions.baseUrl. By default this is set to "./" so all path aliases we create must be fully qualified from the baseUrl.

Create Aliases

This documentation uses a json program to modify the tsconfig.json file to simplify editing for everyone.

Run this command to install the json program:

npm install -g json

To create an alias run this command from your root application directory:

json -f tsconfig.json -I -e "this.compilerOptions.paths['@app/*'] = ['src/app/core/*']"

The @app is the alias. The path, src/app/core/* in this example, is the path from the root compilerOptions.baseUrl directory to the directory you would like to alias.

For json to be able to add paths to your tsconfig.json “paths” has to exist under compilerOptions. Else you get an error when running the commands to add specific paths. “paths” can be added like this:

json -f tsconfig.json -I -e “this.compilerOptions[‘paths’] = {}”

Using Aliases

When you have aliases defined such as @shared you can shortcut your use statements by using the alias:

import { SharedModule } from '../../shared/shared.module';


import { SharedModule } from '@shared/shared.module';

The environment @env alias to a file is used this way:

import { environment } from '@env';

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